Improvements in an Organization's Culture of Health Reduces Workers' Health Risk Profile and Health Care Utilization

Rachel Mosher Henke, Michael A. Head, Karen B. Kent, Ron Z. Goetzel, Enid Chung Roemer, Katherine Mccleary

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective:To examine changes in internal and external cultures of health scores and relate those changes to employees' health risks, health care utilization, and costs for 21 large employers (N=641,901).Methods:We measured the relationship between changes in internal and external culture of health scores and changes in employee health risks, health care utilization, and costs.Results:Improvements in a company's internal culture of health predicted lower levels of obesity, poor diet, and tobacco use but higher stress for employees reporting high baseline risk. For those not at high baseline risk, health improved for depression, alcohol consumption, and diet. Improvements in internal culture of health also led to lower prescription drug utilization.Conclusion:Investments in internal culture of health predict improvements in some employee health risks and health care utilization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)96-101
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of occupational and environmental medicine
Volume61
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019

Keywords

  • business case
  • community health
  • corporate social responsibility
  • culture of health
  • well-being
  • workplace health promotion
  • workplace wellness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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