Background: As the murine model of laser-induced choroidal neovascularization (CNV) is becoming the most established and commonly utilized model worldwide for studying the pathogenesis of CNV and its response to treatment, specific operating standards are yet to be clarified. The purpose of this study is to compare the lesion size of CNV in mice with different ages, sex, durations of CNV process, and treated positions of laser spots, to make recommendations that may improve and optimize the quality of the model. Methods and Results: C57/BL6 mice of different ages were treated with diode laser photocoagulation per eye and perfused with PBS containing fluorescein-labeled dextran at different time of observation. Choroid flat mounts, were then examined by fluorescence microscopy for the measurement of CNV area. Messenger-RNA expression levels of several angiogenic cytokines in eye cups of male and female C57BL/6 mice at 5-8 and 16-20 week-old were analyzed by real-time RT-PCR assay. The results showed significantly more CNV area in eyes of female mice compared to male mice with the expression level of several angiogenic cytokines elevated. 16-20-week-old female mice developed the biggest area of CNV. The mean area of CNV increased significantly at the 14th day after photocoagulation. Laser spots delivered 1PD away from the optic disc induced the biggest area of CNV compared to those 2PD or 3PD away. Interaction of NV was observed in laser spots delivered less than 1PD away from each other. Conclusion: The current results suggest that 16-20-week-old female C57BL/6 mice developed the most distinct CNV lesion size with laser spots delivered 1PD away from the optic disc. The best time to observe and analyze is the 14th day after photocoagulation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)