Improved device definition in interventional magnetic resonance imaging using a rotated stripes keyhole acquisition

Ken Pin Hwang, Jeesub Lim, Michael Wendt, Elmar Merkle, Jonathan S. Lewin, Jeffrey L. Duerk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Keyhole acquisition techniques have been used to reduce image acquisition times primarily in contrast agent studies and via simulation in interventional MRI procedures. More recent simulations have suggested that improved definition of an interventional device [e.g., biopsy needles, radio frequency (RF) electrodes] could be achieved by rotating the keyhole pattern in k-space so that the read out direction lies perpendicular to the device orientation in real space. This study seeks to validate the earlier predictions of improved efficacy of a rotated stripes keyhole acquisition in actual in vitro and in vivo interventional MR imaging procedures. A true-FISP sequence was modified to perform central stripes keyhole (as known as conventional keyhole) acquisitions after a full initial reference data set was acquired. The gradients of this sequence were then modified to rotate the k-space definition and the keyhole stripes by 10°, 20°, 30°, 45°, and 60°from their conventional k-space orientation. Acquisitions were performed during insertion of interventional devices in phantom and in vivo RF ablation procedures, using the modified sequence selected which placed the phase encoding axis at parallel and perpendicular orientations to the devices. Resulting images were compared between the two orientations for needle width and tip accuracy. Apparent needle width was thinner and tip position more accurately determined for placement of phase encoding parallel to the needle in all cases. Rotated keyhole imaging provides the required temporal advantage of conventional keyhole imaging along with a near optimal definition of an interventional device when the phase encoding is oriented parallel to the direction of the needle motion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)554-560
Number of pages7
JournalMagnetic resonance in medicine
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1999


  • Interventional MRI
  • K-space
  • Keyhole imaging
  • Rapid imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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