Improved clinical outcome in a randomized phase II study of anti-PD-1 camrelizumab plus decitabine in relapsed/refractory Hodgkin lymphoma

Yang Liu, Chunmeng Wang, Xiang Li, Liang Dong, Qingming Yang, Meixia Chen, Fengxia Shi, Malcolm Brock, Miao Liu, Qian Mei, Jiejie Liu, Jing Nie, Weidong Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background Programmed death-1 (PD-1) blockade monotherapy induced durable remission in a subset of patients with relapsed/refractory classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL). We asked whether the anti-PD-1 agent, camrelizumab, combined with the DNA demethylating agent, decitabine, improves progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with relapsed/refractory cHL over camrelizumab alone. Methods This extended follow-up of an ongoing randomized phase II trial analyzed PFS among patients enrolled from January 2017 through July 2018. Sixty-one patients with relapsed/refractory cHL who were clinically naïve to PD-1 blockade and had received ≥2 previous therapies were randomized 1:2 to receive either camrelizumab (200 mg) monotherapy or camrelizumab (200 mg, day 8) combined with decitabine (10 mg/day, days 1-5) every 3 weeks. Results With a median follow-up of 34.5 months, complete remission was 79% (95% CI 63% to 90%) in the decitabine-plus-camrelizumab group versus 32% (95% CI 13% to 57%) in the camrelizumab group (p=0.001). Median duration of response was not reached in the decitabine-plus-camrelizumab group, with an estimated 63% (95% CI 46% to 75%) of patients maintaining a response at 24 months. Median PFS with decitabine-plus-camrelizumab therapy was 35.0 months (95% CI not reached) and 15.5 months (95% CI 8.4 to 22.7 months) with camrelizumab monotherapy (HR, 0.46; 95% CI 0.21 to 1.01; p=0.02). Female gender, lower tumor burden, and fewer previous therapies were favorable prognostic factors for durable remission with camrelizumab monotherapy. The PFS benefits of decitabine-plus-camrelizumab versus camrelizumab were observed in most subgroups, especially in patients with relative larger tumor burdens and those treated with ≥3 prior therapies. After decitabine-plus-camrelizumab treatment, the percentage increase of circulating peripheral central memory T-cells correlated with both improved clinical response and PFS, suggesting a putative biomarker of decitabine-plus-camrelizumab therapy for cHL. Conclusions Decitabine-plus-camrelizumab results in longer PFS compared with camrelizumab alone in patients with relapsed/refractory cHL. Trial registration numbers NCT02961101 and NCT03250962.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere002347
JournalJournal for immunotherapy of cancer
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 5 2021

Keywords

  • clinical trials
  • combination
  • drug therapy
  • immunotherapy
  • phase II as topic
  • t-lymphocytes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Oncology
  • Pharmacology
  • Cancer Research

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