Importance of Lifetime Sexual History on the Prevalence of Genital Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Among Unvaccinated Adults in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys: Implications for Adult HPV Vaccination

Anne F. Rositch, Eshan U. Patel, Molly R. Petersen, Thomas C. Quinn, Patti E. Gravitt, Aaron A.R. Tobian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Although the United States Food and Drug Administration recently approved the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine for individuals aged 27-45 years, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention did not change its guidelines for routine HPV vaccination. Since recommendations for adult vaccination emphasize shared clinical decision-making based on risk of new infections, we examined the relationship between HPV prevalence and sexual behavior. METHODS: This study was conducted among 5093 HPV-unvaccinated, sexually experienced adults aged 18-59 years in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (2013-2016). For each sex and age group, adjusted prevalences of 9-valent vaccine-specific, high-risk, and any HPV infection were estimated by number of lifetime sexual partners (LTSPs) using logistic regression. An analysis restricted to persons who did not have a new sexual partner in the past year (ie, removing those at highest risk of newly acquired HPV) was also conducted. RESULTS: In each age group, genital HPV prevalence was higher among persons with >5 LTSPs compared with 1-5 LTSPs in both males and females. There were only slight reductions in HPV prevalence after removing participants who reported a new sexual partner in the past year. For example, among females aged 27-45 years with >5 LTSPs, the adjusted prevalence of 9-valent vaccine-type HPV infection was 13.4% (95% confidence interval [CI], 9.9%-17.0%) in the full population compared to 12.1% (95% CI, 8.8%-15.4%) among those with no new sexual partners. CONCLUSIONS: Prevalent HPV infection was primarily reflective of cumulative exposures over time (higher LTSPs). New exposures had limited impact, emphasizing the need to consider sexual history in the decision-making process for adult HPV vaccination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e272-e279
JournalClinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Volume72
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - May 4 2021

Keywords

  • HPV prevalence
  • HPV vaccination
  • NHANES
  • genital HPV
  • sexual behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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