Implications of gallbladder cholesterolosis and cholesterol polyps?

Saif Dairi, Andrew Demeusy, Anne M. Sill, Shirali T. Patel, Gopal C. Kowdley, Steven C. Cunningham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The clinical significance of cholesterolosis has not been well established but there are some provocative, if not robust, studies of the role it may play in the pathophysiology of pancreatitis and biliary dyskinesia, as well as hypercholesterolemia. Our aim was to take advantage of a very large cholecystectomy (CCY) database to support or refute these potentially important reported associations.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 6868 patients who underwent CCY from 2001-2013 was performed. Comparisons were made using the student t-test for continuous and chi-square analysis for categorical, variables.

RESULTS: Among patients for whom the CCY was the primary operation, 1053 (18%) had cholesterolosis and 4596 did not. Compared to those without cholesterolosis, those with cholesterolosis were no more likely to have elevated cholesterol levels (P = 0.64) nor low gallbladder ejection fraction (P = 0.2). To evaluate cholesterolosis as a cause of pancreatitis, all patients with gallstones were eliminated, leaving 639 patients. Among these, not only was cholesterolosis not associated with more pancreatitis, but rather there was not a single patient with or without cholesterolosis who had pancreatitis.

CONCLUSIONS: Despite prior reports of associations between cholesterolosis and elevated serum cholesterol, depressed ejection fraction, and increased risk of pancreatitis, careful analysis of this current, larger data set does not support these associations. Any patient with stones or sludge, or with biliary dyskinesia, and appropriate symptoms, should be considered for CCY, with or without suspected cholesterolosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)467-472
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Volume200
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

Keywords

  • Biliary dyskinesia
  • Cholesterolosis
  • Gallbladder dysfunction
  • Pancreatitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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