Implementation of WHO/CDC guidelines for intentional injury death surveillance: A Mixed-Methods approach in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Anne H. Outwater, Jacquelyn C. Campbell, Edward Mgaya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A foundational implementation of the WHO/CDC Injury Surveillance Guidelines was conducted in Dar es Salaam region of the United Republic of Tanzania in 2005. The Guidelines were adapted to gather qualitative as well as quantitative data about intentional injury mortality which were collected concurrently at the Muhimbili National Hospital Mortuary. An interview schedule of 12 quantitative variables and one open-ended question, participant observation and newspaper reports were used. Mixed methods allowed an understanding of intentional injury mortality to emerge, even for those with the least amount of data, the 22% of homicides whose bodies were never claimed. Mixed methods made it possible to quantify intentional injury mortality rates, describe subpopulations with scanty data, and learn how to embed ongoing injury mortality surveillance into daily practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)253-267
Number of pages15
JournalHomicide Studies
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2011

Keywords

  • Africa
  • Injury surveillance
  • homicide
  • mixed methods research
  • mob violence
  • newspaper coverage of homicide
  • unidentified homicides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Psychology (miscellaneous)
  • Law

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