Objective:To implement feeding guidelines to reduce advancement time and the incidence of parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease (PNALD) among intestinal surgical infants requiring parenteral nutrition (PN).Study Design:Feeding guidelines with higher initial enteral nutrition (EN) volume and specific advancement criteria were implemented for surgical infants aged <6 months. Preimplementation and postimplementation outcomes were compared.Results:There were 57 preimplementation and 33 postimplementation infants. The initial EN volume improved from 10 to 20 ml kg -1 day -1 (P<0.001). Time to reach 50% of goal calories from EN decreased by a median of 6 days (P=0.012) without a change in necrotizing enterocolitis incidence after resuming feeding. PNALD incidence decreased from 70% to 48% (P=0.046), and median peak direct bilirubin (DB) decreased from 5.6 to 2.3 mg dl -1 (P=0.011).Conclusion:Feeding guideline implementation with higher initial feeding volume was well tolerated and resulted in faster achievement of 50% goal EN calories. PNALD incidence and peak DB were reduced.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Obstetrics and Gynecology