OPREVENT2 was a multilevel, multicomponent (MLMC) adult obesity prevention that sought to improve access and demand for healthier food and physical activity opportunities in six Native American communities in the Southwest and Midwest. OPREVENT2 worked with worksites, food stores, schools (grades 2-6), through social media and mailings, and with a local community action committee (CAC), in each of the three intervention communities, and was implemented in six phases. We conducted a process evaluation to assess implementation of each intervention component in terms of reach, dose delivered and fidelity. Implementation of each component was classified as high, medium or low according to set standards, and reported back at the end of each phase, allowing for improvements. The school and worksite components were implemented with high reach, dose delivered and fidelity, with improvement over time. The school program had only moderate reach and dose delivered, as did the social media component. The CAC achieved high reach and dose delivered. Overall, study reach and dose delivered reached a high implementation level, whereas fidelity was medium. Great challenges exist in the consistent implementation of MLMC interventions. The detailed process evaluation of the OPREVENT2 trial allowed us to carefully assess the relative strengths and limitations of each intervention component.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health