Implantation of the Automatic Defibrillator: The Subxiphoid Approach

Levi Watkins, M. Mirowski, Morton M. Mower, Philip R. Reid, Paul Freund, Andra Thomas, Myron L. Weisfeldt, Vincent L. Gott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The automatic implantable defibrillator is an electronic device capable of diagnosing and correcting malignant venticular arrhythmias. While major thoracic surgery was required in the original 24 implants, a new technique for implanting the device has been developed. The first subxiphoid implantations have been accomplished with the defibrillatory function successfully tested intraoperatively. The advantages and indications of the subxiphoid technique are reviewed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)515-520
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1982

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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