Background Previous studies have demonstrated an association between pretransplantation renal dysfunction (PRD) and increased mortality after lung transplantation (LT). The purpose of this study was to determine whether PRD impacts survival after LT in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Methods We queried the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) database to identify all adult (≥18 years) recipients with CF who underwent isolated LT from May 4, 2005 to December 31, 2014. We separated recipients into those with and those without PRD (glomerular filtration rate [GFR] ≤60 mL/min). We excluded patients who required dialysis before transplantation. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to assess unadjusted survival differences. Cox proportional hazards modeling was then performed across 26 variables to assess the risk-adjusted impact of PRD on 1-, 3-, and 5-year mortality. Results Isolated LT was performed on 1,830 patients with CF; 17 patients were excluded because of pretransplantation dialysis. Eighty-two of 1,813 patients (4.5%) had PRD (GFR ≤60 mL/min). Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed no survival differences between PRD and non-PRD groups at 1 year (85.3% versus 89.5%; log-rank p = 0.23), 3 years (71.0% versus 72.5%; p = 0.57), or 5 years (63.3% versus 59.8%; p = 0.95). After risk adjustment, PRD was not independently associated with an increased hazard for mortality at 1 year (hazard ratio [HR], 1.38 [95% confidence interval [CI], 0.74–2.58]; p = 0.31), 3 years (HR, 1.44 [95% CI, 0.92–2.24]; p = 0.11), or 5 years (HR, 1.30 [95% CI, 0.86–1.94]; p = 0.29). Conclusions Although PRD has historically served as a relative contraindication to LT, our study is the first to suggest that among CF recipients, PRD was not associated with increased hazard for mortality out to 5 years after LT.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine