Impaired postprandial gastric slow waves in patients with functional dyspepsia

Xuemei Lin, Daniela Levanon, J. D.Z. Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate gastric myoelectrical activity in patients with functional dyspepsia. Thirteen healthy subjects and 14 patients with functional dyspepsia participated in the study. The electrogastrogram (EGG) recording was made in each subject for 30 min in the fasting state and 120 min after a standard test meal of 475 calories. Spectral analysis methods were applied to derive quantitative EGG parameters. There was no difference in the EGG between the patients and controls in the fasting state. However, abnormalities in the postprandial EGG were found in the patients. The percentage of 2-4 cpm waves was significantly lower (74.4 ± 4.0% vs 85.7 ± 1.6%, P < 0.03) and the postprandial increase in EGG dominant power was significantly less (-0.52 ± 0.92 dB vs 2.24 ± 0.88 dB, P < 0.03) in patients than in controls. It was also found that the percentage of postprandial 2-4 cpm waves could be used to differentiate the patients with functional dyspepsia from the healthy controls with a specificity of 100% and a sensitivity of 43%. It was concluded that a subset of patients with functional dyspepsia have impaired gastric myoelectrical activity in the fed state.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1678-1684
Number of pages7
JournalDigestive diseases and sciences
Volume43
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Electrogastrography
  • Functional dyspepsia
  • Gastric emptying
  • Gastrointestinal motility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Gastroenterology

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