Impaired myocardial deformation and ventricular vascular coupling in obese adolescents with dysglycemia

Preneet Cheema Brar, Anne Chun, Xiazhou Fan, Vivek Jani, Mary Craft, Puneet Bhatla, Shelby Kutty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: It is unknown that dysglycemia in obese adolescents has effects on myocardial deformation that are more pronounced when compared to obesity alone. We hypothesized that obesity associated abnormal glucose tolerance (dysglycemia) would have adverse effects on two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography derived longitudinal, radial and circumferential strain (LS, RS, CS) compared to age and gender lean controls. We also examined if changes in deformation would be reflected in abnormal ventricular vascular coupling indices (VVI). Methods: In a prospective cross-sectional design 39 obese adolescents (15.9 ± 1.7 years; 101.5 ± 39 kg; female - 58%) were compared to age and gender matched lean controls (15.7 ± 1.8 yrs, 60 ± 12.8 kg). Based on results from an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), obese adolescents were categorized as obese normoglycemic (ONG, n = 25) or obese dysglycemic (ODG, n = 14). Left ventricular (LV) global and average LS, CS, RS and strain rate were measured. LV ejection fraction and mass index were measured and VVI approximated as ratio of arterial elasticity (Ea) and end-systolic elastance (Ees). Results: Adolescents with ODG had significantly (P = 0.005) impaired global LS (- 20.98% ± 2.8%) compared to controls (- 23.01% ± 2.3%). A similar (P = 0.0027) reduction was observed in average LS for adolescents with ODG (18.87% ± 2.5%) compared to controls (20.49% ± 2%). Global CS was also decreased (P = 0.03) in ODG (- 23.95%) compared to ONG (- 25.80). A similar trend was observed in average CS after multivariate regression for BMI and blood pressure. CS correlated with HbA1c in both groups (P = 0.05). VVI had a negative correlation with both LS (r = - 0.4, P = 0.025) and CS rate (r = - 0.36, P = 0.04). Conclusions: Myocardial strain and strain rate were significantly altered in obese adolescents. Unfavorable subclinical reductions in global and average CS were more pronounced in adolescents with dysglycemia compared to obese adolescents with normoglycemia and controls. These data indicate progressive worsening of subendocardial function across the spectrum of glucose tolerance. Strain rate was predictive of VVI in obese adolescents, suggesting strain rate may be a sensitive marker for cardiac remodeling in abnormal glucose homeostasis states.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number172
JournalCardiovascular Diabetology
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 19 2019

Keywords

  • Abnormal glucose tolerance
  • Echocardiography
  • Longitudinal and circumferential strain and strain rate
  • Obesity
  • Two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography
  • Ventricular vascular coupling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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