Impaired cognition, sensorimotor gating, and hippocampal long-term depression in mice lacking the prostaglandin E2 EP2 receptor

A. Savonenko, P. Munoz, T. Melnikova, Q. Wang, X. Liang, R. M. Breyer, T. J. Montine, A. Kirkwood, K. Andreasson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is a neuronal immediate early gene that is regulated by N-methyl d aspartate (NMDA) receptor activity. COX-2 enzymatic activity catalyzes the first committed step in prostaglandin synthesis. Recent studies demonstrate an emerging role for the downstream PGE2 EP2 receptor in diverse models of activity-dependent synaptic plasticity and a significant function in models of neurological disease including cerebral ischemia, Familial Alzheimer's disease, and Familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Little is known, however, about the normal function of the EP2 receptor in behavior and cognition. Here we report that deletion of the EP2 receptor leads to significant cognitive deficits in standard tests of fear and social memory. EP2-/- mice also demonstrated impaired prepulse inhibition (PPI) and heightened anxiety, but normal startle reactivity, exploratory behavior, and spatial reference memory. This complex behavioral phenotype of EP2-/- mice was associated with a deficit in long-term depression (LTD) in hippocampus. Our findings suggest that PGE2 signaling via the EP2 receptors plays an important role in cognitive and emotional behaviors that recapitulate some aspects of human psychopathology related to schizophrenia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)63-73
Number of pages11
JournalExperimental Neurology
Volume217
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2009

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Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Cognitive behavior
  • LTD
  • Prepulse inhibition
  • Prostaglandin
  • Social recognition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Developmental Neuroscience

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