Impact of social role strain, depression, social support and age on diabetes self-efficacy in Korean women with type 2 diabetes

Hyunjeong Park, Miyong T. Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study describes levels of role strain, diabetes mellitus (DM)-related self-efficacy, depression, and social support in middle-aged Korean women with type 2 DM. Using a cross-sectional correlational survey design, we examined the relationships among these constructs in a purposive sample of 154 Korean women (40-65 years old) residing in Cheon-An, a midsized city in South Korea, who had had a diagnosis of type 2 DM for 6 or more months. Our findings indicated that significant numbers of these women are experiencing significant role strain (52.43 [SD, 8.81]) and are at risk for clinical depression (30%). In bivariate analysis, the level of role strain was negatively associated with diabetes self-efficacy (r = -0.27, P <.01), whereas social support was positively associated with diabetes self-efficacy (r = 0.22, P <.05). A multivariate analysis confirmed that social role strain (β = -.33, P = .00), social support (β = 0.19, P = .05), and age (β = 0.19 P = .03) were statistically significant predictors of DM-related self-efficacy. These findings highlight the importance of social role strain in managing DM and point to the need for appropriate interventions that incorporate the ways to relieve the role strain experienced by this highly vulnerable population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)76-83
Number of pages8
JournalThe Journal of cardiovascular nursing
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2012

Fingerprint

Self Efficacy
Social Support
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Depression
Diabetes Mellitus
Republic of Korea
Vulnerable Populations
Multivariate Analysis
Cross-Sectional Studies

Keywords

  • diabetes mellitus
  • role
  • self-efficacy
  • social support
  • women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Impact of social role strain, depression, social support and age on diabetes self-efficacy in Korean women with type 2 diabetes. / Park, Hyunjeong; Kim, Miyong T.

In: The Journal of cardiovascular nursing, Vol. 27, No. 1, 01.2012, p. 76-83.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{2bc3979a64914d15bb1986a4742a4ce4,
title = "Impact of social role strain, depression, social support and age on diabetes self-efficacy in Korean women with type 2 diabetes",
abstract = "This study describes levels of role strain, diabetes mellitus (DM)-related self-efficacy, depression, and social support in middle-aged Korean women with type 2 DM. Using a cross-sectional correlational survey design, we examined the relationships among these constructs in a purposive sample of 154 Korean women (40-65 years old) residing in Cheon-An, a midsized city in South Korea, who had had a diagnosis of type 2 DM for 6 or more months. Our findings indicated that significant numbers of these women are experiencing significant role strain (52.43 [SD, 8.81]) and are at risk for clinical depression (30{\%}). In bivariate analysis, the level of role strain was negatively associated with diabetes self-efficacy (r = -0.27, P <.01), whereas social support was positively associated with diabetes self-efficacy (r = 0.22, P <.05). A multivariate analysis confirmed that social role strain (β = -.33, P = .00), social support (β = 0.19, P = .05), and age (β = 0.19 P = .03) were statistically significant predictors of DM-related self-efficacy. These findings highlight the importance of social role strain in managing DM and point to the need for appropriate interventions that incorporate the ways to relieve the role strain experienced by this highly vulnerable population.",
keywords = "diabetes mellitus, role, self-efficacy, social support, women",
author = "Hyunjeong Park and Kim, {Miyong T.}",
year = "2012",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1097/JCN.0b013e318214d9d9",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "27",
pages = "76--83",
journal = "Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing",
issn = "0889-4655",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Impact of social role strain, depression, social support and age on diabetes self-efficacy in Korean women with type 2 diabetes

AU - Park, Hyunjeong

AU - Kim, Miyong T.

PY - 2012/1

Y1 - 2012/1

N2 - This study describes levels of role strain, diabetes mellitus (DM)-related self-efficacy, depression, and social support in middle-aged Korean women with type 2 DM. Using a cross-sectional correlational survey design, we examined the relationships among these constructs in a purposive sample of 154 Korean women (40-65 years old) residing in Cheon-An, a midsized city in South Korea, who had had a diagnosis of type 2 DM for 6 or more months. Our findings indicated that significant numbers of these women are experiencing significant role strain (52.43 [SD, 8.81]) and are at risk for clinical depression (30%). In bivariate analysis, the level of role strain was negatively associated with diabetes self-efficacy (r = -0.27, P <.01), whereas social support was positively associated with diabetes self-efficacy (r = 0.22, P <.05). A multivariate analysis confirmed that social role strain (β = -.33, P = .00), social support (β = 0.19, P = .05), and age (β = 0.19 P = .03) were statistically significant predictors of DM-related self-efficacy. These findings highlight the importance of social role strain in managing DM and point to the need for appropriate interventions that incorporate the ways to relieve the role strain experienced by this highly vulnerable population.

AB - This study describes levels of role strain, diabetes mellitus (DM)-related self-efficacy, depression, and social support in middle-aged Korean women with type 2 DM. Using a cross-sectional correlational survey design, we examined the relationships among these constructs in a purposive sample of 154 Korean women (40-65 years old) residing in Cheon-An, a midsized city in South Korea, who had had a diagnosis of type 2 DM for 6 or more months. Our findings indicated that significant numbers of these women are experiencing significant role strain (52.43 [SD, 8.81]) and are at risk for clinical depression (30%). In bivariate analysis, the level of role strain was negatively associated with diabetes self-efficacy (r = -0.27, P <.01), whereas social support was positively associated with diabetes self-efficacy (r = 0.22, P <.05). A multivariate analysis confirmed that social role strain (β = -.33, P = .00), social support (β = 0.19, P = .05), and age (β = 0.19 P = .03) were statistically significant predictors of DM-related self-efficacy. These findings highlight the importance of social role strain in managing DM and point to the need for appropriate interventions that incorporate the ways to relieve the role strain experienced by this highly vulnerable population.

KW - diabetes mellitus

KW - role

KW - self-efficacy

KW - social support

KW - women

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84855952623&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84855952623&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/JCN.0b013e318214d9d9

DO - 10.1097/JCN.0b013e318214d9d9

M3 - Article

VL - 27

SP - 76

EP - 83

JO - Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing

JF - Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing

SN - 0889-4655

IS - 1

ER -