Impact of self-preference community fitness interventions in high-risk African Americans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

African Americans have a high prevalence of obesity and physical inactivity, but few interventions have been successful in the long term. We describe a 1-year intervention program to increase physical activity and reduce cardiometabolic risk. Interventions incorporated the premise that self-selection into flexible venues and varying exercise modalities would result in improvement in fitness and risk factors. Results of this single-group pretest/posttest observational study show 1-year overall group reductions in body weight and body mass index and cardiometabolic factors including high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, and increases in dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry-derived absolute and percent lean mass and lean-fat ratio, and decreased fat mass.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)251-262
Number of pages12
JournalFamily and Community Health
Volume39
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 23 2016

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African Americans
Fats
Exercise
C-Reactive Protein
Observational Studies
Body Mass Index
Obesity
Body Weight
X-Rays

Keywords

  • African Americans
  • Intervention studies
  • Physical activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "Impact of self-preference community fitness interventions in high-risk African Americans",
abstract = "African Americans have a high prevalence of obesity and physical inactivity, but few interventions have been successful in the long term. We describe a 1-year intervention program to increase physical activity and reduce cardiometabolic risk. Interventions incorporated the premise that self-selection into flexible venues and varying exercise modalities would result in improvement in fitness and risk factors. Results of this single-group pretest/posttest observational study show 1-year overall group reductions in body weight and body mass index and cardiometabolic factors including high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, and increases in dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry-derived absolute and percent lean mass and lean-fat ratio, and decreased fat mass.",
keywords = "African Americans, Intervention studies, Physical activity",
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AU - Kral, Brian G

AU - Kalyani, Rita R.

AU - Moy, Taryn F.

AU - Stewart, Kerry

AU - Becker, Diane M

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AB - African Americans have a high prevalence of obesity and physical inactivity, but few interventions have been successful in the long term. We describe a 1-year intervention program to increase physical activity and reduce cardiometabolic risk. Interventions incorporated the premise that self-selection into flexible venues and varying exercise modalities would result in improvement in fitness and risk factors. Results of this single-group pretest/posttest observational study show 1-year overall group reductions in body weight and body mass index and cardiometabolic factors including high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, and increases in dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry-derived absolute and percent lean mass and lean-fat ratio, and decreased fat mass.

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