Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine whether self-efficacy predicted pediatric concussion symptom severity and explore whether affective mood states (e.g., depression) influenced this relationship. Method: Children (8-17 years) who were diagnosed with a concussion within 30 days of injury participated in the study (n = 105). Following a clinical assessment, participants and caregivers completed questionnaires that assessed overall concussion symptom severity and current depression symptoms. Participants also completed ratings capturing self-efficacy for managing concussion recovery. Results: Linear regression models revealed that greater levels of self-efficacy predicted lower parent- (R2 = 0.10, p =.001) and youth-rated (R2 = 0.23, p <.001) concussion symptom severity. Interestingly, depression symptoms moderated the relationship between self-efficacy and concussion symptom severity. Conclusions: Findings provide initial support for a relationship between self-efficacy and concussion outcomes and highlight the influence of depressive symptoms. Interventions that optimize youth's self-efficacy have the potential to increase treatment adherence, reduce concussion symptom severity, and improve recovery prognosis.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society|
|State||Accepted/In press - 2021|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Psychology
- Clinical Neurology
- Psychiatry and Mental health