Impact of Schizophrenia Candidate Genes on Schizotypy and Cognitive Endophenotypes at the Population Level

Nicholas C. Stefanis, Thomas A. Trikalinos, Dimitrios Avramopoulos, Nikos Smyrnis, Ioannis Evdokimidis, Evangelia E. Ntzani, John P. Ioannidis, Costas N. Stefanis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Aspects of cognitive function and schizotypy have been proposed as potential endophenotypes for schizophrenia. It is unknown whether the expression of these endophenotypes at the population level is modulated by the genetic variability of candidate susceptibility genes for schizophrenia. Methods: We examined the potential impact of 18 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the DTNBP1, NRG1, DAOA/G32, and DAAO genes, on cognition and self-rated schizotypy, in a representative population of 2243 young male military conscripts. Single SNP and haplotype associations were evaluated. Results: The DTNBP1 SNPs rs2619522 and rs760761 exhibited several single marker associations, the minor alleles being associated with lower attention capacity but also a decrease in positive and paranoid schizotypy scores. The DTNBP1 haplotype load had borderline associations with nonverbal IQ, paranoid schizotypy, and sustained attention. For individual NRG1 polymorphisms, isolated but weak signals of association were noted with sustained attention and working memory but not schizotypy. The risk allele of functional SNP8NRG243177 was associated with reduced spatial working memory capacity. An isolated effect of DAAO haplotype variability was noted on negative and disorganization schizotypy. No convincing association of DAOA/G32 variability was detected. Conclusions: The DTNBP1 and, less so, NRG1 and DAAO variants might exert gene-specific modulating effects on schizophrenia endophenotypes at the population level.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)784-792
Number of pages9
JournalBiological psychiatry
Issue number7
StatePublished - Oct 1 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Cognition
  • DAAO
  • DAOA/G32
  • DTNBP1
  • NRG1
  • endophenotype
  • schizophrenia
  • schizotypy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biological Psychiatry


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