Background: Readmission rates following total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are increasingly used to measure hospital performance. Readmission rates that are not adjusted for race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status, patient risk factors beyond a hospital's control, may not accurately reflect a hospital's performance. In this study, we examined the extent to which risk-adjusting for race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status affected hospital performance in terms of readmission rates following THA and TKA. Methods: We calculated 2 sets of risk-adjusted readmission rates by (1) using the Centers for Medicare &Medicaid Services standard risk-adjustment algorithm that incorporates patient age, sex, comorbidities, and hospital effects and (2) adding race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status to the model. Using data from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, 2011 State Inpatient Databases, we compared the relative performances of 1,194 hospitals across the 2 methods. Results: Addition of race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status to the risk-adjustment algorithm resulted in (1) little or no change in the risk-adjusted readmission rates at nearly all hospitals; (2) no change in the designation of the readmission rate as better, worse, or not different from the population mean at >99% of the hospitals; and (3) no change in the excess readmission ratio at >97% of the hospitals. Conclusions: Inclusion of race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status in the risk-adjustment algorithm led to a relativeperformance change in readmission rates following THA and TKA at <3% of the hospitals. We believe that policymakers and payers should consider this result when deciding whether to include race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status in riskadjusted THA and TKA readmission rates used for hospital accountability, payment, and public reporting.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - American Volume|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2016|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine