Impact of placental malaria and hypergammaglobulinemia on transplacental transfer of respiratory syncytial virus antibody in Papua New Guinea

Jessica E. Atwell, Bhagvanji Thumar, Leanne J. Robinson, Roselyn Tobby, Phantica Yambo, Maria Ome-Kaius, Peter M. Siba, Holger W. Unger, Stephen J. Rogerson, Christopher L. King, Ruth A. Karron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background. Passively acquired respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) neutralizing antibody protects against RSV-associated lower respiratory infections, but placental malaria (PM) and maternal hypergammaglobulinemia might interfere with transplacental immunoglobulin transport. Methods. We measured RSV plaque-reduction neutralization (PRN) antibody in 300 full-term maternal/cord serum pairs in 2 cohorts in malaria-endemic Papua New Guinea: Alexishafen (2005-2008) and the Fetal Immunity Study (FIS) (2011-2013). We defined impaired transport as a cord-to-maternal titer ratio <1.0 and a protective RSV PRN titer (PRNT) ≥1:200. Results. PM and hypergammaglobulinemia occurred in 60% and 54% of Alexishafen mothers versus 8% and 9% of FIS mothers, respectively. 34% of Alexishafen and 32% of FIS pairs demonstrated impaired transport. Multivariate modeling revealed significant associations between increasing maternal IgG (log2) and impaired transport (adjusted OR, Alexishafen: 2.68 [1.17-6.14], FIS: 6.94 [1.94-24.8]) but no association with PM. 34% of Alexishafen and 31% of FIS cord PRNTs were <1:200. Conclusions. Impaired RSV antibody transport was observed in approximately one-third of maternal/cord pairs. Hypergammaglobulinemia, but not PM, was associated with impaired transport, particularly among women with low RSV PRNT. Detection of RSV PRNT <1:200 in one-third of cord sera confirms the need to increase levels of RSV neutralizing antibody in pregnant women through maternal immunization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)423-431
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume213
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

Keywords

  • RSV
  • hypergammaglobulinemia
  • maternal immunization
  • placental malaria
  • transplacental transfer of antibody

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Infectious Diseases

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