Impact of nutrition support on clinical outcomes for the patients with gastrointestinal disease at nutritional risk by Nutrition Risk Screening 2002 tool and the preliminary finding of cost-effectiveness analysis: a prospective cohort study for 275 patients

Yan Wang, Zhu Ming Jiang, Jens Kondrup, Yang Wang, Marie Nolan, Jia Ming Qian, Kang Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the impact of nutrition support on the clinical outcomes of gastrointestinal disease patients at nutritional risk and explore the cost-effectiveness of various nutrition support options. Methods: A prospective cohort study was designed. The patients who met the predetermined inclusion criteria were followed up during the hospital stay. Nutritional risk was determined using the Nutrition Risk Screening 2002 on admission. The information with respect to nutritional support, occurrence and treatment of complications, length of hospital stay, and discharge destination was monitored and recorded. The direct costs of nutritional support and the costs of diagnosing and treating complications were calculated after discharge. "Infectious complication-free patient" was used as the effectiveness indicator in the cost-effectiveness analysis. Results: Patients who had received nutrition support had significantly lower infectious complications incidence(6.8% vs. 19.6%, χ2=9.0, P=0.003) and significantly higher total hospitalization costs (P=0.0001). The adjusted (by general linear model) cost of parenteral nutrition(PN) cohort, enteral nutrition (EN) cohort, PN combined EN cohort, and the cohort without nutritional support were 5635, 1212, 5220, and 1339 China Yuan, respectively. The incremental cost effectiveness ratios were 36 101, -794, and 33 748 China Yuan for PN, EN, and PN-EN combination groups, respectively. Conclusions: For the patients at nutritional risk, nutritional support can remarkably reduce the incidence of infectious complications. The preliminary results of cost-effectiveness: due to lack of enough data required by health economic professional, it can not be cited directly.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)333-338
Number of pages6
JournalChinese Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume21
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cost effectiveness ratio
  • Gastrointestinal disease
  • Incremental cost effectiveness ratio
  • Malnutrition(undernutrition)
  • Nutrition support
  • Nutritional risk

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Impact of nutrition support on clinical outcomes for the patients with gastrointestinal disease at nutritional risk by Nutrition Risk Screening 2002 tool and the preliminary finding of cost-effectiveness analysis: a prospective cohort study for 275 patients'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this