Impact of multidetector CT on donor selection and surgical planning before living adult right lobe liver transplantation

I. R. Kamel, J. B. Kruskal, E. A. Pomfret, M. T. Keogan, G. Warmbrand, V. Raptopoulos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE. This study was performed to document the impact of multidetector multiphase CT in facilitating patient selection and surgical planning in potential donors being evaluated for living adult right lobe liver transplantation. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. Forty consecutive potential donors were included in the study. There were 26 men and 14 women, (age range, 18-57 years mean, 37 years) We performed CT using a multidetector scanner, after W injection of 180 mL of contrast material at 5 mL/sec. Arterial phase images were acquired at 18 dec (collimation 1 25 mm; table speed n 7.5) a d portal phase images at 60 dec (collimation, 2.5 mm; table speed, 15). Postprocessing was performed on a commercially available workstation. CT data included dual-energy assessment of liver parenchyma for fatty infiltration; depiction of arterial, portal venous, and hepatic venous anatomy and identification of important vascular variants; and determination of total and lobar liver volume. RESULTS. Of the 40 potential liver donors evaluated, 15 patients (37.5%) were excluded on the basis of CT findings with most exclusions a result of portal vein anomalies (n = 8). Fatty infiltration resulted in four exclusions (10%), and small liver volume resulted in three exclusions (7.5%). CONCLUSION. Multidetector multiphase CT provided comprehensive parenchymal, vascular, and volumetric preoperative evaluation of potential donors undergoing living adult right lobe liver transplantation. This information had a major impact on patient selection because it was used to stratify patients. It allowed the surgeons to plan their surgical approach, and this planning may reduce postoperative complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)193-200
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Roentgenology
Volume176
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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