Impact of magnetic resonance imaging in management of pediatric Crohn's disease

Cristen Litz, Paul D. Danielson, Michael Wilsey, Nicole M. Chandler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic illness and radiographic evaluation is frequently used. Consequently, pediatric patients with CD who are diagnosed in childhood are at risk for high levels of radiation exposure during their lifetimes. We sought to evaluate the impact of magnetic resonance enterography (MRE) in management of pediatric patients with known or suspected Crohn's disease. A retrospective review of patients with known or suspected CD who underwent MRE for new onset of symptoms was conducted. All demographic data, clinical history, and results of all radiographic, endoscopic, and pathology studies were recorded. Twenty-eight patients with known or suspected CD underwent 31 MRE examinations. MRE showed active disease in 16 (52%), fistula or abscess in seven (22%), and no evidence of active disease in eight (26%). Sixty-five per cent of patients underwent MRE with no other radiation-based imaging used. Surgical intervention was deemed necessary after the MRE in 16 per cent. In all cases, surgical findings were consistent with MRE results. Nearly 60 per cent of patients with CD are managed based on the findings of MRE without additional radiographic evaluation. Based on the results of this retrospective study, we propose a clinical pathway for use of MRE in patients with known or suspected CD with new onset of symptoms. Copyright Southeastern Surgical Congress. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)672-675
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Surgeon
Volume79
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1 2013

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Litz, C., Danielson, P. D., Wilsey, M., & Chandler, N. M. (2013). Impact of magnetic resonance imaging in management of pediatric Crohn's disease. American Surgeon, 79(7), 672-675.