Impact of Intracranial Pressure Monitor–Guided Therapy on Neurologic Outcome After Spontaneous Nontraumatic Intracranial Hemorrhage

Sarah T. Menacho, Ramesh Grandhi, Alen Delic, Mohammad Anadani, Wendy C. Ziai, Issam A. Awad, Daniel F. Hanley, Adam de Havenon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: Intracranial pressure (ICP) monitors have been used in some patients with spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) to provide information to guide treatment without clear evidence for its use in this population. We assessed the impact of ICP monitor placement, including external ventricular drains and intraparenchymal monitors, on neurologic outcome in this population. Materials and Methods: In this secondary analysis of the Minimally Invasive Surgery Plus Alteplase for Intracerebral Hemorrhage Evacuation III trial, the primary outcome was poor outcome (modified Rankin Scale score 4-6) and the secondary outcome was death, at 1 year from onset. We compared outcomes in patients with or without an ICP monitor using unadjusted and adjusted logistic regression models. The analyses were repeated in a balanced cohort created with propensity score matching. Results: Seventy patients underwent ICP monitor placement and 424 did not. Poor outcome was seen in 77.1% of patients in the ICP-monitor subgroup compared with 53.8% in the no-monitor subgroup (p<0.001). Of patients in the ICP-monitor subgroup, 31.4% died, compared with 21.0% in the no-monitor subgroup (p=0.053). In multivariate models, ICP monitor placement was associated with a >2-fold greater risk of poor outcome (odds ratio 2.76, 95% CI 1.30–5.85, p=0.008), but not with death (p=0.652). Our findings remained consistent in the propensity score-matched cohort. Conclusion: These results question whether ICP monitor–guided therapy in patients with spontaneous nontraumatic ICH improves outcome. Further work is required to define the causal pathway and improve identification of patients that might benefit from invasive ICP monitoring.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number105540
JournalJournal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2021


  • Intracranial pressure
  • Monitoring
  • Neurologic outcome
  • Propensity score matching
  • Spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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