Impact of donor/recipient traits independent of rejection on long-term renal function

Fahed Kouli, Christopher H. Morrell, Lloyd E. Ratner, Edward S. Kraus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study describes renal function at multiple points In time after transplantation and the influence of donor and recipient factors independent of rejection on this function. Donor and recipient records for 83 consecutive cadaveric renal transplants performed between 1992 and 1994 at Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center were reviewed retrospectively. Donor age, gender, weight, terminal serum creatinine (Cr), intensive care unit days, blood pressure, presence of cardiac arrest, kidney only versus multiple organ donation, and cold ischemia time and recipient age, gender, weight, pretransplant pregnancy status, and rejection episodes were recorded. The influences of each of these parameters on changes in recipient Cr clearance over time (derived using the Cockcroft-Gault formula from recipient serum Cr at 3 months and annually up to 5 years) were analyzed first individually, then together in an analysis with multiple explanatory variables. Parameters indicative of donor ischemia (ie, donor blood pressure, pressor administration, and occurrence of cardiac arrest) were not predictive of the course of recipient Cr clearance. With the inclusion of rejection, this analysis shows the magnitude of the independent effects that donor age, donor Cr clearance, and recipient gender have on the subsequent time course of recipient Cr clearance (P < 0.05). Recipient gender and the presence of rejection appear to have a fixed effect on the level of Cr clearance, whereas donor age and donor Cr clearance appear to influence the level and the time course of recipient Cr clearance. Of all these factors, donor age appears to have the greatest impact on recipient Cr clearance at all times. Analyzing renal function in this way may prove to be a more sensitive indicator than actuarial survival analysis for evaluating the early effects of changes in transplantation protocols and pharmacologic interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)356-365
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Kidney Diseases
Volume37
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Creatinine clearance
  • Donor
  • Kidney transplant
  • Rejection
  • Renal function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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