Impact of Chlorhexidine Cord Cleansing on Mortality, Omphalitis and Cord Separation Time among Facility-Born Babies in Nepal and Bangladesh

Luke C. Mullany, Shams El Arifeen, Subarna K. Khatry, Joanne Katz, Rashed Shah, Abdullah H. Baqui, James M. Tielsch

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Guidance is needed regarding potential extension of the World Health Organization recommendation for cord cleansing with chlorhexidine to babies born in facilities. Among 3223 facility-born babies from Nepal and Bangladesh, mortality was approximately halved among those allocated to the intervention clusters [10.5/1000 vs. 19.4/1000; relative risk (RR): 0.54; 95% confidence interval: 0.30-0.97]. In high-mortality settings, a single policy for home and facility births is warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1011-1013
Number of pages3
JournalPediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Volume36
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2017

Keywords

  • bacterial colonization
  • chlorhexidine
  • cord separation time
  • neonatal mortality
  • omphalitis
  • umbilical cord

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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