Impact of cardiovascular disease on health insurance coverage and healthcare use under economic stress

The national health and nutrition examination survey, 2003-2012

Ji Li, Hong Lai, Dong Chen, Shaoguang Chen, Shenghan Lai

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Objectives: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) has a substantial financial impact on healthcare systems in the US. This study aimed to examine the impact of CVD on health insurance coverage and health service use under economic stress as indicated by the Great Recession in the US (December 2007-June 2009). Methods: Data of 26,483 adults aged ≥ 20 years from the 2003-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed. There were 9,479 adults assigned to the group “before the Great Recession” (2003-2006), 5,674 adults assigned to “during the Great Recession” (2007-2008), and 11,330 adults assigned to “after the Great Recession” (2009-2012). Results: Patients with CVD from low-income families were more likely to have health insurance during the recession (OR:1.57, 95% CI: 1.01,2.45). Those participants without CVD, who were from low-income families or < 65 years, were more likely to use the emergency room rather than primary care facilities to gain access to routine healthcare (p < 0.05). Patients with CVD from high-income families were also more likely to use the emergency room (p < 0.05). Patients with CVD but not those without CVD, who reported a high family income or were ≥ 65 years old, were less likely to use mental health services during the recession than before the recession. Conclusion: Effective strategies need to be developed to promote primary care use among the general adult American population. In addition, use of mental health services among patients with CVD needs to be improved when financial stress occurs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-136
Number of pages14
JournalOsong Public Health and Research Perspectives
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Insurance Coverage
Nutrition Surveys
Health Insurance
Cardiovascular Diseases
Economics
Delivery of Health Care
Mental Health Services
Hospital Emergency Service
Primary Health Care
Health Services

Keywords

  • Chronic disease
  • Economic burden of disease
  • Health insurance
  • Health services

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Impact of cardiovascular disease on health insurance coverage and healthcare use under economic stress : The national health and nutrition examination survey, 2003-2012. / Li, Ji; Lai, Hong; Chen, Dong; Chen, Shaoguang; Lai, Shenghan.

In: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives, Vol. 10, No. 3, 01.01.2019, p. 123-136.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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abstract = "Objectives: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) has a substantial financial impact on healthcare systems in the US. This study aimed to examine the impact of CVD on health insurance coverage and health service use under economic stress as indicated by the Great Recession in the US (December 2007-June 2009). Methods: Data of 26,483 adults aged ≥ 20 years from the 2003-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed. There were 9,479 adults assigned to the group “before the Great Recession” (2003-2006), 5,674 adults assigned to “during the Great Recession” (2007-2008), and 11,330 adults assigned to “after the Great Recession” (2009-2012). Results: Patients with CVD from low-income families were more likely to have health insurance during the recession (OR:1.57, 95{\%} CI: 1.01,2.45). Those participants without CVD, who were from low-income families or < 65 years, were more likely to use the emergency room rather than primary care facilities to gain access to routine healthcare (p < 0.05). Patients with CVD from high-income families were also more likely to use the emergency room (p < 0.05). Patients with CVD but not those without CVD, who reported a high family income or were ≥ 65 years old, were less likely to use mental health services during the recession than before the recession. Conclusion: Effective strategies need to be developed to promote primary care use among the general adult American population. In addition, use of mental health services among patients with CVD needs to be improved when financial stress occurs.",
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