Impact of Alcohol Tax Increase on Maryland College Students' Alcohol-Related Outcomes

Mieka J. Smart, Safiya S. Yearwood, Seungyoung Hwang, Roland J. Thorpe, C. Debra Furr-Holden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: This study A) assessed whether levels of alcohol-related disciplinary actions on college campuses changed among MD college students after the 2011 Maryland (MD) state alcohol tax increase from 6% to 9%, and B) determined which school-level factors impacted the magnitude of changes detected. Method: A quasi-experimental interrupted time series (ITS) analysis of panel data containing alcohol-related disciplinary actions on 33 MD college campuses in years 2006–2013. Negative binomial regression models were used to examine whether there was a statistically significant difference in counts of alcohol-related disciplinary actions comparing time before and after the tax increase. Results: The ITS anaysis showed an insignificant relationship between alcohol-related disciplinary actions and tax implementation (β = −.27; p =.257) but indicated that alcohol-related disciplinary actions decreased significantly over the time under study (β = −.05; p =.022). Discussion: Alcohol related disciplinary actions did decrease over time in the years of study, and this relationship was correlated with several school-level characteristics, including school price, school funding type, types of degrees awarded, and specialty. School price may serve as a proxy mediator or confounder of the effect of time on disciplinary actions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1015-1020
Number of pages6
JournalSubstance Use and Misuse
Volume53
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - May 12 2018

Keywords

  • Tax
  • alcohol
  • campus
  • college
  • disciplinary action
  • students

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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