Impact of a Novel Preoperative Patient-centered Surgical Wellness Program

Kristen E. Kelley, Alyssa D. Fajardo, Nancy M. Strange, Carol A. Harmon, Kim Pawlecki, Marnie Sieber, Nikki Walke, William F. Fadel, William A. Wooden, Josh Sadowski, Thomas J. Birdas, Larry H. Stevens, Grace Rozycki, C. Max Schmidt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate if a preoperative wellness bundle significantly decreases the risk of hospital acquired infections (HAI). BACKGROUND: HAI threaten patient outcomes and are a significant burden to the healthcare system. Preoperative wellness efforts may significantly decrease the risk of infections. METHODS: A group of 12,396 surgical patients received a wellness bundle in a roller bag during preoperative screening at an urban academic medical center. The wellness bundle consisted of a chlorhexidine bath solution, immuno-nutrition supplements, incentive spirometer, topical mupirocin for the nostrils, and smoking cessation information. Study staff performed structured patient interviews, observations, and standardized surveys at key intervals throughout the perioperative period. Statistics compare HAI outcomes of patients in the wellness program to a nonintervention group using the Fisher's exact test, logistic regression, and Poisson regression. RESULTS: Patients in the nonintervention and intervention groups were similar in demographics, comorbidity, and type of operations. Compliance with each element was high (80% mupirocin, 72% immuno-nutrition, 71% chlorhexidine bath, 67% spirometer). The intervention group had statistically significant reductions in surgical site infections, Clostridium difficile, catheter associated urinary tract infections, and patient safety indicator 90. CONCLUSIONS: A novel, preoperative, patient-centered wellness program dramatically reduced HAI in surgical patients at an urban academic medical center.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)650-656
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of surgery
Volume268
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2018

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Health Promotion
Cross Infection
Mupirocin
Chlorhexidine
Baths
Surgical Wound Infection
Catheter-Related Infections
Perioperative Period
Clostridium difficile
Smoking Cessation
Patient Safety
Urinary Tract Infections
Comorbidity
Motivation
Logistic Models
Demography
Interviews
Delivery of Health Care
Infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Kelley, K. E., Fajardo, A. D., Strange, N. M., Harmon, C. A., Pawlecki, K., Sieber, M., ... Schmidt, C. M. (2018). Impact of a Novel Preoperative Patient-centered Surgical Wellness Program. Annals of surgery, 268(4), 650-656. https://doi.org/10.1097/SLA.0000000000002932

Impact of a Novel Preoperative Patient-centered Surgical Wellness Program. / Kelley, Kristen E.; Fajardo, Alyssa D.; Strange, Nancy M.; Harmon, Carol A.; Pawlecki, Kim; Sieber, Marnie; Walke, Nikki; Fadel, William F.; Wooden, William A.; Sadowski, Josh; Birdas, Thomas J.; Stevens, Larry H.; Rozycki, Grace; Schmidt, C. Max.

In: Annals of surgery, Vol. 268, No. 4, 01.10.2018, p. 650-656.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kelley, KE, Fajardo, AD, Strange, NM, Harmon, CA, Pawlecki, K, Sieber, M, Walke, N, Fadel, WF, Wooden, WA, Sadowski, J, Birdas, TJ, Stevens, LH, Rozycki, G & Schmidt, CM 2018, 'Impact of a Novel Preoperative Patient-centered Surgical Wellness Program', Annals of surgery, vol. 268, no. 4, pp. 650-656. https://doi.org/10.1097/SLA.0000000000002932
Kelley KE, Fajardo AD, Strange NM, Harmon CA, Pawlecki K, Sieber M et al. Impact of a Novel Preoperative Patient-centered Surgical Wellness Program. Annals of surgery. 2018 Oct 1;268(4):650-656. https://doi.org/10.1097/SLA.0000000000002932
Kelley, Kristen E. ; Fajardo, Alyssa D. ; Strange, Nancy M. ; Harmon, Carol A. ; Pawlecki, Kim ; Sieber, Marnie ; Walke, Nikki ; Fadel, William F. ; Wooden, William A. ; Sadowski, Josh ; Birdas, Thomas J. ; Stevens, Larry H. ; Rozycki, Grace ; Schmidt, C. Max. / Impact of a Novel Preoperative Patient-centered Surgical Wellness Program. In: Annals of surgery. 2018 ; Vol. 268, No. 4. pp. 650-656.
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