Immunological responses of breast cancer patients to behavioral interventions

Barry L. Gruber, Stephen P. Hersh, Nicholas R S Hall, Lucy R. Waletzky, John F. Kunz, Joann K. Carpenter, Karan S. Kverno, Sharlene M. Weiss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This article reports the results of an 18-month study of immune system and psychological changes in stage 1 breast cancer patients provided with relaxation, guided imagery, and biofeedback training. Thirteen lymph node negative patients who had recovered from a modified radical mastectomy were randomly assigned to either an immediate treatment or a delayed treatment control group. Multiple pre-post psychological measures were performed. Significant effects were found in natural killer cell (NK) activity (p

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-22
Number of pages22
JournalBiofeedback and Self-Regulation
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1993
Externally publishedYes



  • behavior therapy
  • biofeedback (psychology)
  • breast neoplasms
  • psychoneuroimmunology
  • relaxation techniques

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Gruber, B. L., Hersh, S. P., Hall, N. R. S., Waletzky, L. R., Kunz, J. F., Carpenter, J. K., ... Weiss, S. M. (1993). Immunological responses of breast cancer patients to behavioral interventions. Biofeedback and Self-Regulation, 18(1), 1-22.