Immunological methods for quantifying free and total serum IgE levels in allergy patients receiving Omalizumab (Xolair) therapy

Robert G Hamilton, Gregory V. Marcotte, Sarbjit S Saini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Omalizumab (humanized-IgG1 anti-human IgE Fc, Xolair®) complexes circulating IgE, blocking IgE binding to high affinity epsilon Fc receptors (FcεR1) on mast cells and basophils. Free (non-Omalizumab bound) IgE levels in serum are a measure of effective Omalizumab dosing. The goal of this study was to quantify free (non-Omalizumab-complexed) and total serum IgE levels in asthma patients on Xolair®. The concentration of (non-Omalizumab bound) free IgE in human serum was measured using a solid phase immunoenzymetric assay (IEMA) in which IgE was captured from serum with monoclonal anti-human IgE (clone HP6061) and detected with labeled-FcεR1α. In a companion total human serum IEMA, IgE was captured from serum with the same anti-human IgE (clone HP6061) and all bound IgE was detected with labeled monoclonal anti-human IgE Fc (clone HP6029). Free and total IgE levels were quantified in pre- and 1 and 3 months post Omalizumab therapy sera from 12 allergic asthma patients. In the absence of Omalizumab, working ranges of the free and total IgE IEMAs were comparable (10-1000 kIU/l), with excellent precision, reproducibility and parallelism. Pre-Omalizumab total and free IgE levels by IEMA were highly correlated (r2 = 0.99, Y = 0.9X + 0.32, p <0.001), as were total serum IgE levels by IEMA and ImmunoCAP-250 (r2 = 0.98, Y = 1.1X - 0.05, p <0.001, n = 33). In vitro reduction of free IgE (> 90%) occurred at [Omalizumab:IgE] molar ratios of 2-20. Total IgE levels in 12 asthmatics increased from pre-therapy levels (52-658 kIU/l) by 1.5-5.5-fold at 1 month and 1.7-8.6 fold at 3 months of uninterrupted Omalizumab treatment. Free IgE levels fell by 49%-97% at 1 month and 45%-98% by 3 months of Omalizumab treatment. Free and total IgE levels by IEMA aid in monitoring patients receiving Omalizumab therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)81-91
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Immunological Methods
Volume303
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2005

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Keywords

  • FcεR1α
  • Human IgE
  • IgE antibody
  • Immunoenzymetric assay
  • Omalizumab
  • Recombinant humanized IgG1 anti-human IgE Fc
  • Xolair

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Immunology

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