Immunological characterization of rabbit hemoglobin α and β chain synthesizing polysomes. Estimation of relative numbers of active α and β messenger ribonucleic acid

S. H. Boyer, Kirby D. Smith, A. N. Noyes, M. A. Mullen

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Abstract

Anti hemoglobin chain antibodies, purified by immuno adsorption to Sepharose linked antigen and thereby made both RNase free and immunologically specific for either β or α chain, are readily bound to nascent hemoglobin chains attached to rabbit reticulocyte polysomes. Antibodies to other antigens, e.g. anti immunoglobulin G, are not bound. Use of chain specific antibodies enabled us to determine quantitatively the mean number of ribosomes associated with rabbit hemoglobin β and α messenger RNA. Such mean sizes of β and α polysomes could be calculated, for example, from density gradient profiles of polysomes previously coated with either 125I labeled anti β chain or 125I labeled anti α chain. Complementary estimates were obtained, pre and postimmunoprecipitation, from the A260 density gradient profiles of polysomes and the profiles of β and α polysomes differentially labeled with [3H]isoleucine and [14C]valine. All estimates were similar; viz. the β:α ratio for mean number of ribosomes per mRNA ranged from 1.5 to 1.86. Among unaltered polysomes from the same rabbits, the β:α ratio for total relative numbers of synthetically active β and α ribosomes was calculated from y intercepts of Dintzis Naughton plots to be 1.04 to 1.17. With these two kinds of β:α ratios as a basis, the relative numbers of active α mRNA and β mRNA were found to be somewhat greater than previously described by Lodish and Jacobsen. For individual animals, the α mRNA:β mRNA ratio ranged from 1.28 to 1.78. The addition of the further 25% of α mRNA which is unattached to polysomes suggests that total α mRNA is 2 fold more abundant than β mRNA. (28 references.)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7210-7219
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume249
Issue number22
StatePublished - 1974

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Polyribosomes
Hemoglobins
RNA
Rabbits
Messenger RNA
Ribosomes
Antibodies
Antigens
Isoleucine
Reticulocytes
Valine
Ribonucleases
Sepharose
Adsorption
Animals
Immunoglobulin G

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

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title = "Immunological characterization of rabbit hemoglobin α and β chain synthesizing polysomes. Estimation of relative numbers of active α and β messenger ribonucleic acid",
abstract = "Anti hemoglobin chain antibodies, purified by immuno adsorption to Sepharose linked antigen and thereby made both RNase free and immunologically specific for either β or α chain, are readily bound to nascent hemoglobin chains attached to rabbit reticulocyte polysomes. Antibodies to other antigens, e.g. anti immunoglobulin G, are not bound. Use of chain specific antibodies enabled us to determine quantitatively the mean number of ribosomes associated with rabbit hemoglobin β and α messenger RNA. Such mean sizes of β and α polysomes could be calculated, for example, from density gradient profiles of polysomes previously coated with either 125I labeled anti β chain or 125I labeled anti α chain. Complementary estimates were obtained, pre and postimmunoprecipitation, from the A260 density gradient profiles of polysomes and the profiles of β and α polysomes differentially labeled with [3H]isoleucine and [14C]valine. All estimates were similar; viz. the β:α ratio for mean number of ribosomes per mRNA ranged from 1.5 to 1.86. Among unaltered polysomes from the same rabbits, the β:α ratio for total relative numbers of synthetically active β and α ribosomes was calculated from y intercepts of Dintzis Naughton plots to be 1.04 to 1.17. With these two kinds of β:α ratios as a basis, the relative numbers of active α mRNA and β mRNA were found to be somewhat greater than previously described by Lodish and Jacobsen. For individual animals, the α mRNA:β mRNA ratio ranged from 1.28 to 1.78. The addition of the further 25{\%} of α mRNA which is unattached to polysomes suggests that total α mRNA is 2 fold more abundant than β mRNA. (28 references.)",
author = "Boyer, {S. H.} and Smith, {Kirby D.} and Noyes, {A. N.} and Mullen, {M. A.}",
year = "1974",
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volume = "249",
pages = "7210--7219",
journal = "Journal of Biological Chemistry",
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T1 - Immunological characterization of rabbit hemoglobin α and β chain synthesizing polysomes. Estimation of relative numbers of active α and β messenger ribonucleic acid

AU - Boyer, S. H.

AU - Smith, Kirby D.

AU - Noyes, A. N.

AU - Mullen, M. A.

PY - 1974

Y1 - 1974

N2 - Anti hemoglobin chain antibodies, purified by immuno adsorption to Sepharose linked antigen and thereby made both RNase free and immunologically specific for either β or α chain, are readily bound to nascent hemoglobin chains attached to rabbit reticulocyte polysomes. Antibodies to other antigens, e.g. anti immunoglobulin G, are not bound. Use of chain specific antibodies enabled us to determine quantitatively the mean number of ribosomes associated with rabbit hemoglobin β and α messenger RNA. Such mean sizes of β and α polysomes could be calculated, for example, from density gradient profiles of polysomes previously coated with either 125I labeled anti β chain or 125I labeled anti α chain. Complementary estimates were obtained, pre and postimmunoprecipitation, from the A260 density gradient profiles of polysomes and the profiles of β and α polysomes differentially labeled with [3H]isoleucine and [14C]valine. All estimates were similar; viz. the β:α ratio for mean number of ribosomes per mRNA ranged from 1.5 to 1.86. Among unaltered polysomes from the same rabbits, the β:α ratio for total relative numbers of synthetically active β and α ribosomes was calculated from y intercepts of Dintzis Naughton plots to be 1.04 to 1.17. With these two kinds of β:α ratios as a basis, the relative numbers of active α mRNA and β mRNA were found to be somewhat greater than previously described by Lodish and Jacobsen. For individual animals, the α mRNA:β mRNA ratio ranged from 1.28 to 1.78. The addition of the further 25% of α mRNA which is unattached to polysomes suggests that total α mRNA is 2 fold more abundant than β mRNA. (28 references.)

AB - Anti hemoglobin chain antibodies, purified by immuno adsorption to Sepharose linked antigen and thereby made both RNase free and immunologically specific for either β or α chain, are readily bound to nascent hemoglobin chains attached to rabbit reticulocyte polysomes. Antibodies to other antigens, e.g. anti immunoglobulin G, are not bound. Use of chain specific antibodies enabled us to determine quantitatively the mean number of ribosomes associated with rabbit hemoglobin β and α messenger RNA. Such mean sizes of β and α polysomes could be calculated, for example, from density gradient profiles of polysomes previously coated with either 125I labeled anti β chain or 125I labeled anti α chain. Complementary estimates were obtained, pre and postimmunoprecipitation, from the A260 density gradient profiles of polysomes and the profiles of β and α polysomes differentially labeled with [3H]isoleucine and [14C]valine. All estimates were similar; viz. the β:α ratio for mean number of ribosomes per mRNA ranged from 1.5 to 1.86. Among unaltered polysomes from the same rabbits, the β:α ratio for total relative numbers of synthetically active β and α ribosomes was calculated from y intercepts of Dintzis Naughton plots to be 1.04 to 1.17. With these two kinds of β:α ratios as a basis, the relative numbers of active α mRNA and β mRNA were found to be somewhat greater than previously described by Lodish and Jacobsen. For individual animals, the α mRNA:β mRNA ratio ranged from 1.28 to 1.78. The addition of the further 25% of α mRNA which is unattached to polysomes suggests that total α mRNA is 2 fold more abundant than β mRNA. (28 references.)

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