Immunohistochemical demonstration of a paracrine role of nitric oxide in bronchial function

A. Rengasamy, C. Xue, Roger A Johns

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We addressed the controversial role of nitric oxide (NO) in bronchial function by an immunohistochemical study of the localization of NO synthase (NOS) and its effector protein, soluble guanylate cyclase, in rat bronchus. For this study, a monoclonal antibody to the bovine constitutive neuronal NOS was developed and characterized. In Western blot analysis, this monoclonal antibody (anti-NOS antibody) reacted with bovine cerebellum NOS (150 kDa) as well as with structurally different NOSs from cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells (130 kDa) and cultured RAW 264.7 macrophages (130 kDa). The reactivity of anti-NOS antibody was confirmed by immunohistochemical staining of rat cerebellum, arterial endothelial cells, and cultured stimulated macrophages. When the distribution of NOS in rat airway was characterized, the anti-NOS antibody showed immunoreactivity within respiratory epithelium but not in the bronchial smooth muscle. The NADPH-diaphorase staining correlated with the immunostaining. In contrast, a monoclonal antibody to the rat lung-soluble guanylate cyclase immunostained respiratory smooth muscle but not epithelium. This study suggests a paracrine role for NO in bronchial function analogous to the function of the NOS-soluble guanylate cyclase pathway in blood vessels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Volume267
Issue number6 11-6
StatePublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes

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Nitric Oxide Synthase
Nitric Oxide
Monoclonal Antibodies
Cerebellum
Smooth Muscle
Antibodies
Endothelial Cells
Macrophages
Staining and Labeling
NADPH Dehydrogenase
Respiratory Mucosa
Respiratory Muscles
Bronchi
Blood Vessels
Epithelium
Western Blotting
Lung
Soluble Guanylyl Cyclase
Proteins

Keywords

  • monoclonal antibody
  • nitric oxide synthase
  • respiratory epithelium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Physiology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

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title = "Immunohistochemical demonstration of a paracrine role of nitric oxide in bronchial function",
abstract = "We addressed the controversial role of nitric oxide (NO) in bronchial function by an immunohistochemical study of the localization of NO synthase (NOS) and its effector protein, soluble guanylate cyclase, in rat bronchus. For this study, a monoclonal antibody to the bovine constitutive neuronal NOS was developed and characterized. In Western blot analysis, this monoclonal antibody (anti-NOS antibody) reacted with bovine cerebellum NOS (150 kDa) as well as with structurally different NOSs from cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells (130 kDa) and cultured RAW 264.7 macrophages (130 kDa). The reactivity of anti-NOS antibody was confirmed by immunohistochemical staining of rat cerebellum, arterial endothelial cells, and cultured stimulated macrophages. When the distribution of NOS in rat airway was characterized, the anti-NOS antibody showed immunoreactivity within respiratory epithelium but not in the bronchial smooth muscle. The NADPH-diaphorase staining correlated with the immunostaining. In contrast, a monoclonal antibody to the rat lung-soluble guanylate cyclase immunostained respiratory smooth muscle but not epithelium. This study suggests a paracrine role for NO in bronchial function analogous to the function of the NOS-soluble guanylate cyclase pathway in blood vessels.",
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N2 - We addressed the controversial role of nitric oxide (NO) in bronchial function by an immunohistochemical study of the localization of NO synthase (NOS) and its effector protein, soluble guanylate cyclase, in rat bronchus. For this study, a monoclonal antibody to the bovine constitutive neuronal NOS was developed and characterized. In Western blot analysis, this monoclonal antibody (anti-NOS antibody) reacted with bovine cerebellum NOS (150 kDa) as well as with structurally different NOSs from cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells (130 kDa) and cultured RAW 264.7 macrophages (130 kDa). The reactivity of anti-NOS antibody was confirmed by immunohistochemical staining of rat cerebellum, arterial endothelial cells, and cultured stimulated macrophages. When the distribution of NOS in rat airway was characterized, the anti-NOS antibody showed immunoreactivity within respiratory epithelium but not in the bronchial smooth muscle. The NADPH-diaphorase staining correlated with the immunostaining. In contrast, a monoclonal antibody to the rat lung-soluble guanylate cyclase immunostained respiratory smooth muscle but not epithelium. This study suggests a paracrine role for NO in bronchial function analogous to the function of the NOS-soluble guanylate cyclase pathway in blood vessels.

AB - We addressed the controversial role of nitric oxide (NO) in bronchial function by an immunohistochemical study of the localization of NO synthase (NOS) and its effector protein, soluble guanylate cyclase, in rat bronchus. For this study, a monoclonal antibody to the bovine constitutive neuronal NOS was developed and characterized. In Western blot analysis, this monoclonal antibody (anti-NOS antibody) reacted with bovine cerebellum NOS (150 kDa) as well as with structurally different NOSs from cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells (130 kDa) and cultured RAW 264.7 macrophages (130 kDa). The reactivity of anti-NOS antibody was confirmed by immunohistochemical staining of rat cerebellum, arterial endothelial cells, and cultured stimulated macrophages. When the distribution of NOS in rat airway was characterized, the anti-NOS antibody showed immunoreactivity within respiratory epithelium but not in the bronchial smooth muscle. The NADPH-diaphorase staining correlated with the immunostaining. In contrast, a monoclonal antibody to the rat lung-soluble guanylate cyclase immunostained respiratory smooth muscle but not epithelium. This study suggests a paracrine role for NO in bronchial function analogous to the function of the NOS-soluble guanylate cyclase pathway in blood vessels.

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