Immunogenicity of two doses of yeast recombinant hepatitis B vaccine in healthy older adults

Bruce G. Gellin, Richard N. Greenberg, Richard H. Hart, Joseph S. Bertino, David H. Stein, Maria A. Deloria, Mary Lou Clements-Mann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

To determine the immunogenicity of two doses of yeast recombinant hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccine containing surface (S) protein, an open- label, multicenter trial was conducted in 199 healthy HRV-seronegative adults ≤40 years old. Volunteers were randomly assigned to 1 of 5 groups to receive a total of three 10-μg doses, at 0, 1, and 6 months, or a total of two doses of 20 μg and 10 μg, 20 μg and 20 μg, 40 μg and 10 μg, or 40 μg and 20 μg at 0 and 6 months. The 40-μ/20-μg regimen elicited the highest rate of seroprotection (96.2%), with a geometric mean titer of antibody against the S protein of 369 mIU/mL, not significantly different from the 536 mIU/mL achieved with three doses. These results suggest that a two-dose regimen can achieve seroprotection similar to that of the three-dose regimen. Whether a shorter interval can be used or a booster dose will be needed later to confer durable immunity are unknown.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1494-1497
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume175
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Infectious Diseases

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