Immunogenic properties of multiple antigen peptide systems containing defined T and B epitopes

S. K. Chai, P. Clavijo, J. P. Tam, F. Zavala

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64 Scopus citations


Immunization with chemically defined synthetic polymers, multiple Ag peptide (MAP) systems, containing T and B epitopes of the circumsporozoite protein of P. berghei induce high levels of circulating antibodies that are detectable several months after boosting. The anti-MAP secondary antibody response is characterized by an increase in the levels of circulating IgG and a concomitant decrease in the IgM levels. In vitro and in vivo experiments indicated that Th epitopes included in the MAP are recognized by T cells induced after immunization with the native protein and, also, that MAP- induced T cells can recognize the native protein. In addition to high levels of anti-B epitope antibodies, MAP immunization also induces antibodies against the T epitope. This anti-T epitope immune response does not affect the generation of the anti-B epitope antibodies. Immunization of different strains of mice revealed that the antibody response is consistent with the genetically restricted pattern of recognition of the T epitope. There are, however, significant differences in the levels of antibody responses observed among responder strains. The findings of this study indicate that MAP are potent immunogens capable of inducing immunologic memory and are, thus, good candidates for the development of subunit vaccines designed to induce high levels of circulating antibodies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2385-2390
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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