Immunogenic properties of modified antigen E. II. Ability of urea denatured antigen and α polypeptide chain to prime T cells specific for antigen E

K. Ishizaka, H. Okudaira, T. P. King

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Ragweed antigen E loses its major antigenic determinant after denaturation in 8 M urea. The urea denatured (UD) antigen and α polypeptide chain isolated from the denatured molecule possess their own antigenic determinant(s) but but lack the major determinant of the native molecule. The UD antigen and α chain, however, are capable of priming mouse T cells specific for antigen E. Priming of A/J mice with the modified antigen enhanced both IgG and IgE antibody responses to antigen E. Both UD antigen primed spleen cells and α chain primed spleen cells collaborate with DNP primed cells to give an adoptive secondary anti DNP antibody response to DNP ragweed antigen in syngeneic irradiated mice. Pretreatment of A/J mice with an IV injection of α chain partially suppressed both IgE and IgG antibody responses to antigen E. Weekly injections of α chain or UD antigen to antigen E primed animals depressed on going IgE antibody response, and suppressed secondary IgE antibody response to antigen E. Transfer of spleen cells from animals treated with the modified antigen to irradiated recipients followed by challenge with native antigen showed that the adoptive secondary response was suppressed by injections of modified antigen to the donors. The results indicate that the immunocompetent cell population was changed by the treatment and provide an experimental model to analyze the immunologic effect of hyposensitization treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)110-115
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume114
Issue number1 I
StatePublished - Jan 1 1975

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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