Immune responses to measles and measles vaccine: Challenges for measles control

William J. Moss, Fernando P. Polack

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Most strategies for reducing global measles morbidity and mortality and eliminating measles are based on the ability to enhance immune responses to measles virus. Challenges to measles elimination and eradication are based in part on the need to sustain high levels of population immunity to interrupt transmission of measles virus. We review aspects of the immunology of measles and measles vaccination with the aim of demonstrating how knowledge of the immune responses is essential to furthering the goals of reducing measles morbidity and mortality and the elimination of measles. Better understanding of the mechanisms of immune suppression after measles, the potential for alternative vaccination strategies to induce immunity in young infants, and the immunologic basis of atypical measles, increased mortality after high-titer measles vaccine, and waning immunity will lead to improved strategies for measles control and elimination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)297-309
Number of pages13
JournalViral Immunology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Virology


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