Immigration disparities in cardiovascular disease risk factor awareness

Brent A. Langellier, Jeremiah R. Garza, Deborah Glik, Michael L. Prelip, Ron Brookmeyer, Christian K. Roberts, Anne Peters, Alexander N. Ortega

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The association between immigration status and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factor awareness is unknown. Using physical examination-based data and participants' self-report of prior diagnosis, we assessed immigration-based disparities in awareness of diabetes, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and overweight among 12,124 participants in the 2003-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Unawareness of CVD risk factors is high among all groups, but tends to be higher among foreign-born English and non-English speaking participants than among US-born participants. After adjusting for demographic factors and access to health care, foreign-born participants appear more likely to be unaware of their hypertension and overweight than US-born participants. Immigrants are more likely than those born in the US to be unaware of their CVD risk factors, and therefore may be less motivated to seek treatment and modify their behavior to prevent negative CVD outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)918-925
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Volume14
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2012
Externally publishedYes

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Emigration and Immigration
Cardiovascular Diseases
Hypertension
Health Services Accessibility
Nutrition Surveys
Hypercholesterolemia
Self Report
Physical Examination
Demography
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Epidemiology
  • Hypertension
  • Obesity
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Langellier, B. A., Garza, J. R., Glik, D., Prelip, M. L., Brookmeyer, R., Roberts, C. K., ... Ortega, A. N. (2012). Immigration disparities in cardiovascular disease risk factor awareness. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, 14(6), 918-925. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10903-011-9566-2

Immigration disparities in cardiovascular disease risk factor awareness. / Langellier, Brent A.; Garza, Jeremiah R.; Glik, Deborah; Prelip, Michael L.; Brookmeyer, Ron; Roberts, Christian K.; Peters, Anne; Ortega, Alexander N.

In: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, Vol. 14, No. 6, 12.2012, p. 918-925.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Langellier, BA, Garza, JR, Glik, D, Prelip, ML, Brookmeyer, R, Roberts, CK, Peters, A & Ortega, AN 2012, 'Immigration disparities in cardiovascular disease risk factor awareness', Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 918-925. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10903-011-9566-2
Langellier BA, Garza JR, Glik D, Prelip ML, Brookmeyer R, Roberts CK et al. Immigration disparities in cardiovascular disease risk factor awareness. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health. 2012 Dec;14(6):918-925. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10903-011-9566-2
Langellier, Brent A. ; Garza, Jeremiah R. ; Glik, Deborah ; Prelip, Michael L. ; Brookmeyer, Ron ; Roberts, Christian K. ; Peters, Anne ; Ortega, Alexander N. / Immigration disparities in cardiovascular disease risk factor awareness. In: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health. 2012 ; Vol. 14, No. 6. pp. 918-925.
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