Immigration and Sleep Problems in a Southern European Country: Do Immigrants Get the Best Sleep?

Nazmy Villarroel, Lucía Artazcoz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study analyzes the differences in the prevalence of insomnia symptoms and nonrestorative sleep (NRS) between people born in Spain and immigrants from 7 countries with most immigrants in Spain. Data come from the 2006 Spanish National Health Survey. The sample was composed of all individuals aged 16 to 64 years from Spain and the 7 countries with most immigrants in Spain (N = 22,224). In both sexes, people from Bolivia had a higher prevalence of insomnia symptoms and NRS. Conversely, people from Ecuador, Morocco, and Romania had less insomnia symptoms and NRS than Spanish-born participants. No differences were found between Spanish-born participants and Colombian, Peruvian, and Argentinian women. Poor living conditions in the country of origin and in the host country, discrimination, and culturally related lifestyles could be related to poorer sleep health among Bolivian men. Acculturation may explain the similar sleep health patterns noted between Spanish-born participants and long-term immigrants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalBehavioral Medicine
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - May 17 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • gender
  • immigrants
  • sleep disorders
  • socio-economic factors
  • Spain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Applied Psychology

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