Immediate versus delayed endovascular treatment of post-traumatic aortic pseudoaneurysms and type B dissections: Retrospective analysis and premises to the upcoming European trial

Alessandro S. Bortone, Stefano Schena, Donato D'Agostino, Giovanni Dialetto, Vito Paradiso, G. Mannatrizio, Tommaso Fiore, Maurizio Cotrufo, Luigi De Luca Tupputi Schinosa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background-Stent grafting has been reported as a viable therapeutic option for the delayed treatment of traumatic rupture of the aortic isthmus as well as reconstruction of thoracic aortic dissections. We tested the hypothesis of whether immediate endovascular management offers clinical and pathological advantages over a delayed approach in patients with post-traumatic aortic pseudoaneurysms (PAPs) and Stanford type-B dissections (TBDs). Methods-Thirty-one consecutive patients who were admitted with diagnosis of either PAP (n=10; 33.4±8.7 years) or TBD (n=21; 58.2±8.4 years) were respectively divided into 2 groups according to the timing of diagnosis and endovascular treatment after the traumatic or pathologic event: immediate ([1teq]2 weeks; PAP=6 and TBD=7) and delayed (>2 weeks; PAP= 4 and TBD=14). Excluder®-Gore (11 in PAP and 8 in TBD) and Talent™-Medtronic (1 in PAP and 7 in TBD) endovascular stent grafts were deployed. Follow-up was performed at 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year and based on laboratory tests; chest angio-computed tomography scans of chest, abdomen, and pelvis; and transesophageal echocardiography. Results-The endovascular procedure proved uneventful in all PAP patients who underwent either immediate or delayed treatment. In 1 PAP patient with delayed treatment, surgical removal of the pseudoaneurysm was still necessary because of further compression of the airway stem. All immediately treated TBD patients were also successful. However, in 8 of 13 TBD patients with delayed treatment (61.5%), a stent graft deployment was not possible because of complicated progression of the false lumen and multiple intimal entry tears: 1 patient benefited by fenestrations of the false lumen and 7 patients underwent medical therapy. One patient (8.3%) died because of retrograde dissection involving the aortic arch. All patients treated with endovascular stent grafts were discharged within 5 days. Conclusions-An immediate endovascular management of PAP and TBD patients offers important advantages such as avoidance of high-risk surgical procedures and postoperative complications with short hospital stay. Moreover, it has been observed that an immediate endovascular treatment allows a safe management of all patients with complete healing of the aortic wall and regression of the pseudoaneurysm in the PAP group and thrombosis of the false lumen in TBD patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)I234-I240
JournalCirculation
Volume106
Issue number13 SUPPL.
StatePublished - Sep 24 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aorta
  • Grafting
  • Prosthesis
  • Stents
  • Surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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