Immediate-type hypersensitivity and other clinical reactions in volunteers immunized with a synthetic multi-antigen peptide vaccine (PfCS-MAP1NYU) against Plasmodium falciparum sporozoites

Robert Edelman, Steven S. Wasserman, James G. Kublin, Sacared A. Bodison, Elizabeth H. Nardin, Giane A. Oliveira, Sobia Ansari, Carter L. Diggs, Oscar L. Kashala, Barbara J. Schmeckpeper, Robert G. Hamilton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We tested the clinical reactions to a synthetic, Plasmodium falciparum, circumsporozoite multiple antigen peptide (MAP) vaccine in 39 volunteers immunized two to three times over 2-8 months using a dose escalation design. Immediate pain at the injection site was associated with the adjuvant QS-21 (P<0.001), and delayed local inflammatory reactions were associated with high-titered circulating IgG anti-MAP antibody (P=0.03). Because two volunteers developed acute, systemic urticaria after the third immunization associated with development of serum IgE MAP antibody, we employed immediate-type hypersensitivity skin tests (ITH-STs) using intradermal injections of diluted MAP vaccine to identify persons sensitized to the vaccine. ITH-STs were negative in seven volunteers tested 27 days after the first vaccination, but six of these individuals developed positive wheal and flare reactions when tested 14 or 83 days after the second vaccination; IgE MAP antibody was detected in only one of them. Another cohort of 16 volunteers, including the 2 allergic individuals, were ITH-ST negative when first tested late after their second or third vaccination at 6-7 months. Five of five non-immunized persons were also ITH-ST negative. ITH-STs may help identify individuals sensitized to malaria peptides and at potential risk of developing systemic allergic reactions after re-vaccination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)269-280
Number of pages12
JournalVaccine
Volume21
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 13 2002

Keywords

  • Cutaneous immediate-type hypersensitivity
  • Malaria vaccine
  • Phase I vaccine trial

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • veterinary(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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