Imaging of thyroid carcinoma with CT and MRI: Approaches to common scenarios

Jenny K. Hoang, Barton F. Branstetter IV, Andreia R. Gafton, Wai K. Lee, Christine M. Glastonbury

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can play an important role in preoperative and post-treatment assessment of thyroid malignancy. The radiologist should be aware of the pathological behavior of thyroid carcinoma, and the characteristic imaging appearance of the primary tumor and metastases. This review describes the approach to imaging thyroid cancer on CT and MRI for four common scenarios: detection of the incidental thyroid nodule, evaluation of thyroid metastases, presurgical imaging for invasive disease, and evaluation for recurrence in the post-treatment neck.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)128-139
Number of pages12
JournalCancer Imaging
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Computed tomography
  • Incidental thyroid nodule
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Thyroid cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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