Imaging left ventricular tissue mechanics and hemodynamics during supine bicycle exercise using a combined tagging and phase-contrast MRI pulse sequence.

Smita Sampath, John Andrew Derbyshire, Maria J. Ledesma-Carbayo, Elliot R. McVeigh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Imaging the left ventricular mechanical and hemodynamic response to the stress of exercise may offer early prognosis in select patients with cardiac disease. Here, we demonstrate the feasibility of obtaining simultaneous measurements of longitudinal strain and transvalvular blood velocity during supine bicycle exercise stress in a wide bore magnetic resonance scanner. Combining information from the two datasets, we observe that although the time to peak strain (33.28 ± 1.86 versus 25.7 ± 2.12 as % of R-R interval) and time to peak mitral inflow velocity (44.37 ± 5.21 versus 35.5 ± 4.19 as % of R-R interval) from R-wave of the QRS complex occurred earlier during stress, the time from peak strain to peak mitral inflow velocity was not statistically different (16.5 ± 3.23 versus 13.4 ± 3.06). Further, the percentage of longitudinal relaxation at peak mitral inflow velocity was higher during stress (63.5 ± 7.72 versus 84.32 ± 6.24). These results suggest that although diastole is shortened, early diastolic filling efficiency is augmented during exercise stress in normal volunteers in an effort to maintain stroke volume.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)51-59
Number of pages9
JournalMagnetic Resonance in Medicine
Volume65
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2011
Externally publishedYes

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Mechanics
Hemodynamics
Exercise
Diastole
Stroke Volume
Heart Diseases
Healthy Volunteers
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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Imaging left ventricular tissue mechanics and hemodynamics during supine bicycle exercise using a combined tagging and phase-contrast MRI pulse sequence. / Sampath, Smita; Derbyshire, John Andrew; Ledesma-Carbayo, Maria J.; McVeigh, Elliot R.

In: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, Vol. 65, No. 1, 01.2011, p. 51-59.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sampath, Smita ; Derbyshire, John Andrew ; Ledesma-Carbayo, Maria J. ; McVeigh, Elliot R. / Imaging left ventricular tissue mechanics and hemodynamics during supine bicycle exercise using a combined tagging and phase-contrast MRI pulse sequence. In: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine. 2011 ; Vol. 65, No. 1. pp. 51-59.
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