Imaging features of primary Sarcomas of the great vessels in CT, MRI and PET/CT: A single-center experience

Christian von Falck, Bernhard Meyer, Christine Fegbeutel, Florian Länger, Frank Bengel, Frank Wacker, Thomas Rodt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: To investigate the imaging features of primary sarcomas of the great vessels in CT, MRI and 18 F-FDG PET/CT.Methods: Thirteen patients with a primary sarcoma of the great vessels were retrospectively evaluated. All available images studies including F-18 FDG PET(/CT) (n = 4), MDCT (n = 12) and MRI (n = 6) were evaluated and indicative image features of this rare tumor entity were identified.Results: The median interval between the first imaging study and the final diagnosis was 11 weeks (0-12 weeks). The most frequently observed imaging findings suggestive of malignant disease in patients with sarcomas of the pulmonary arteries were a large filling defect with vascular distension, unilaterality and a lack of improvement despite effective anticoagulation. In patients with aortic sarcomas we most frequently observed a pedunculated appearance and an atypical location of the filling defect. The F-18 FDG PET(/CT) examinations demonstrated an unequivocal hypermetabolism of the lesion in all cases (4/4). MRI proved lesion vascularization in 5/6 cases.Conclusion: Intravascular unilateral or atypically located filling defects of the great vessels with vascular distension, a pedunculated shape and lack of improvement despite effective anticoagulation are suspicious for primary sarcoma on MDCT or MRI. MR perfusion techniques can add information on the nature of the lesion but the findings may be subtle and equivocal. F-18 FDG PET/CT may have a potential role in these patients and may be considered as part of the imaging workup.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number25
JournalBMC Medical Imaging
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 7 2013
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Medicine(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Imaging features of primary Sarcomas of the great vessels in CT, MRI and PET/CT: A single-center experience'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this