Images of purified Shaker potassium channels

Min Li, Nigel Unwin, Kathrin A. Stauffer, Yuh Nung Jan, Lily Y. Jan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Voltage-gated K+ channels play an important role in the control of neuronal excitability and synaptic plasticity. Their low abundance and extraordinary heterogeneity have rendered their purification from natural sources difficult. We have previously cloned a voltage-gated K+ -channel gene, Shaker, from Drosophila. The Shaker K+ -channel polypeptide resembles one of the four internal repeats of a Na+- or Ca2+ -channel α subunit, suggesting that this example of a K+ channel contains four identical or homologous subunits. Similar K+ -channel polypeptides have been characterized from mammals, other vertebrate and invertebrate species, and from plants. Electrophysiological studies of K+ channels expressed in Xenopus oocytes suggest that they are indeed tetramers, and heteromultimeric K+ channels have been found in the mammalian brain. Until now, however, no K+ channel, nor any other member of the superfamily of voltage-gated ion channels, has been characterized by electron microscopy or other structural analysis. Results We have purified Shaker K+ channels, expressed in insect Sf 9 cells, to apparent homogeneity, and imaged them using the electron microscope. The physical dimensions of these molecules, as well as their biochemical characteristics, are consistent with a tetrameric subunit composition. Moreover, the Shaker channel revealed by negative staining has the appearance of a four-fold symmetric tetramer, with a large, central vestibule that presumably constitutes part of the pathway for ions. Conclusion These first clear images of a voltage- gated ion channel reveal a marked four-fold symmetry. The integrity of the purified tetrameric complex indicates that the purification scheme used in this study may be further developed for future structural analysis of voltage-gated K+ channels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)110-115
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Biology
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 1994

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Shaker Superfamily of Potassium Channels
Voltage-Gated Potassium Channels
potassium channels
Neuronal Plasticity
Ion Channels
Structural analysis
Purification
Negative Staining
Peptides
Mammals
Electric potential
Invertebrates
Xenopus
Electron microscopy
Drosophila
Oocytes
Plasticity
Insects
Vertebrates
Brain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Li, M., Unwin, N., Stauffer, K. A., Jan, Y. N., & Jan, L. Y. (1994). Images of purified Shaker potassium channels. Current Biology, 4(2), 110-115. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0960-9822(94)00026-6

Images of purified Shaker potassium channels. / Li, Min; Unwin, Nigel; Stauffer, Kathrin A.; Jan, Yuh Nung; Jan, Lily Y.

In: Current Biology, Vol. 4, No. 2, 01.02.1994, p. 110-115.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Li, M, Unwin, N, Stauffer, KA, Jan, YN & Jan, LY 1994, 'Images of purified Shaker potassium channels', Current Biology, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 110-115. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0960-9822(94)00026-6
Li M, Unwin N, Stauffer KA, Jan YN, Jan LY. Images of purified Shaker potassium channels. Current Biology. 1994 Feb 1;4(2):110-115. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0960-9822(94)00026-6
Li, Min ; Unwin, Nigel ; Stauffer, Kathrin A. ; Jan, Yuh Nung ; Jan, Lily Y. / Images of purified Shaker potassium channels. In: Current Biology. 1994 ; Vol. 4, No. 2. pp. 110-115.
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