Iliac vessel injury: Operative physiology related to outcome

James G. Cushman, David V. Feliciano, Barry M. Renz, Walter L. Ingram, Joseph D. Ansley, W. Scott Clark, Grace S. Rozycki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Fifty-three patients treated at a level I trauma center with lilac vessel injury were studied to determine if body temperature and acid- base status in the operating room predicts outcome. Methods: Records were reviewed for demographics, mechanism of injury, body temperature, acid-base status, operative management, and outcome. Statistical methods included Student's t test, odds ratio determination, and chi-square analysis to determine statistical significance. Results: Fifty-three patients (47 male, 6 female) sustained 92 lilac vascular injuries (36 arterial, 56 venous). Mortality was 34%, with 72% of deaths due to shock within 24 hours. Physiologic parameters differed significantly between survivors and nonsurvivors. Odds ratio identified six conditions; the number present predicted outcome. Conclusions: (1) There are significant differences between initial and final operating room temperature and acid-base status in survivors versus nonsurvivors with iliac vessel injury. Conditions for odds ratio can be calculated and correlated with outcome. (2) A patient with two or more conditions should be considered for an abbreviated laparotomy to allow for reversal of 'physiologic failure'.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1033-1040
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Trauma - Injury, Infection and Critical Care
Volume42
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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