IL-12 plays a pivotal role in LFA-1-mediated T cell adhesiveness by up-regulation of CCR5 expression

Takao Mukai, Masayuki Iwasaki, Ping Gao, Michio Tomura, Yumi Yashiro-Ohtani, Shiro Ono, Masako Murai, Kouji Matsushima, Masashi Kurimoto, Mikihiko Kogo, Tokuzo Matsuya, Hiromi Fujiwara, Toshiyuki Hamaoka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


The chemokine receptor CCR5 has been implicated in the recruitment of T cells to inflammatory sites. However, the regulation of CCR5 induction on T cells and its contribution to T cell adhesiveness are poorly understood. Using a Th1 clone, 2D6, that can be maintained with interleukin (IL)-12 or IL-2 alone (designated 2D6 IL-12 or 2D6 IL-2, respectively), we investigated how CCR5 is induced on T cells and whether CCR5 is responsible for up-regulating the function of adhesion molecules. 2D6 IL-12 grew, forming cell aggregates, in culture containing IL-12. This was due to lymphocyte function-associated antigen (LFA)-1-intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 interaction, because 2D6 IL-12 expressed both LFA-1 and ICAM-1 and cell aggregation was inhibited by anti-ICAM-1 monoclonal antibody. Despite comparable levels of LFA-1 and ICAM-1 expression, 2D6 IL-2 cells did not aggregate in culture with IL-2. It is important that there was a critical difference in CCR5 expression between 2D6 IL-12 and 2D6 IL-2; the former expressed high levels of CCR5, and the latter expressed only marginal levels. Both types of cells expressed detectable albeit low levels of RANTES (regulated on activation, normal T expressed and secreted) mRNA. Unlike IL-12 or IL-2, IL-18 induced high levels of RANTES mRNA expression without modulating CCR5 expression. Therefore, combined stimulation with IL-12 and IL-18 strikingly up-regulated 2D6 cell aggregation. Notably, LFA-1-mediated aggregation of 2D6 IL-12 cells was suppressed by anti-CCR5 antibody. These results indicate that IL-12 plays a critical role in CCR5 expression on Th1 cells and consequently contributes to CCR5-mediated activation of LFA-1 molecules.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)422-430
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Leukocyte Biology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 18 2001


  • Adhesion molecule
  • Chemokine
  • Chemokine receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Cell Biology


Dive into the research topics of 'IL-12 plays a pivotal role in LFA-1-mediated T cell adhesiveness by up-regulation of CCR5 expression'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this