IL-10 plasma levels are elevated after LPS injection in splenectomized A/J mice

Manuel B. Torres, Virginia L. Vega, Mazen Bedri, Daniel Saad, Heiko Trentzsch, Roger H. Reeves, Antonio De Maio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background. Splenectomy is clinically indicated in certain cases of hypersplenism and splenic trauma. However, it is associated with serious complications, in particular, reduced clearance of encapsulated organisms and a high incidence of sepsis, which has been coined overwhelming post-splenectomy sepsis (OPSS). In addition to the role of the spleen in the clearance of microorganisms, this organ may be involved in regulation of the inflammatory response. We investigated the effect of splenectomy on the inflammatory process induced by LPS in a murine model that resembles, in part, the pathophysiological aspects of sepsis. Materials and methods. Male mice (8-weeks-old) from different inbred strains were randomized into three groups: splenectomized (SPX), sham operated (SHAM), and non-operated controls (NoOp). After 9 days of recovery, mice were injected with LPS (15 mg/kg) and cytokine plasma levels were measured by ELISA at 1.5 or 6 h after injection. Peritoneal macrophages (PMφ) were isolated from the three groups, and cytokine production was evaluated after incubation with LPS in culture conditions. Results. IL-10 plasma levels were elevated in SPX A/J mice (6.7 ± 0.4 μg/ml) after injection of LPS (15 mg/kg) compared to NoOp A/J mice (4.2 ± 0.2 μg/ml, P < 0.05). Similar elevation in IL-10 plasma levels was detected in SPX DBA/2J mice as compared to NoOp DBA/2J mice, but not in C57BL/6J and BALB/cJ mice. In contrast, SPX AKR mice displayed lower IL-10 levels than NoOp mice. PMφs from SPX A/J mice produced elevated levels of IL-10 compared to PMφs from SHAM or NoOp A/J mice, mimicking the in vivo observations. Conclusion. Our data suggest that the spleen plays an important role in modulating the inflammatory process induced by LPS, extending beyond passive clearance of encapsulated organisms. In addition, the contribution of the spleen to the inflammatory process may be influenced by the genetic background.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)101-106
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Volume129
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2005

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Keywords

  • Cytokines
  • Endotoxin
  • Genetics
  • Inflammation
  • Sepsis
  • Spleen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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