IKZF1 deletions (DIKZF1) are commonly detected in B-precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL; B-ALL) and are widely assumed to have a significant impact on outcome. We compared the ability of multiplex ligand-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to detect DIKZF1 and to determine the impact on event-free survival of patients with precursor B-ALL aged 23 to 65 years recruited to the completed trial UKALL14 (ISRCTN 66541317). From 655 recruits with BCR-ABL11 and BCRABL12 B-ALL, all available diagnostic DNA samples (76% of the recruited population) were screened by multiplex end point PCR covering 4 deletions: dominant-negative (DN) D4-7 or the loss of function D2-7, D4-8, and D2-8 (n 5 498), MLPA (n 5 436), or by both (n 5 420). Although patients with BCR-ABL12 DIKZF1 were more likely to have minimal residual disease at the end of induction, we did not find any impact of DIKZF1 (including subgroup analysis for DN or loss-of-function lesions) or the IKZF1plus genotype on event-free, overall survival, or relapse risk by univariable or multivariable analyses. Consistent with the technical approach, MLPA not only detected a wider range of deletions than PCR but also failed to detect some PCR-detected lesions. The main difference between our study and others reporting an association between DIKZF1 and outcome is the older age of participants in our population. The impact of DIKZF1 in ALL may be less marked in an older population of patients. Our study underscores the need for analyses in large, harmonized data sets. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT01085617.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|State||Published - Sep 1 2021|
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