IgM anti-β 2 glycoprotein I is protective against lupus nephritis and renal damage in systemic lupus erythematosus

Taraneh Mehrani, Michelle Petri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective. Antibodies to β 2 glycoprotein I (IgG and IgM isotypes) have recently been added to the laboratory criteria of the revised antiphospholipid syndrome classification criteria. We investigated whether IgM anti-β 2-glycoprotein I (anti-β 2-GPI) is associated with clinical manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods. Anti-β 2-GPI was measured in 796 patients with SLE (93% women, 53% white, 38% African American, mean age 45 yrs). IgM anti-β 2-GPI (> 20 phospholipid units) was found in 16%. Associations were determined with clinical manifestations of SLE and with components of the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics/American College of Rheumatology Damage Index. Results. As expected, IgM anti-β 2-GPI was highly associated with both the lupus anticoagulant and with anticardiolipin. It was associated with transient ischemic attack (OR 2.64, p = 0.04), but not significantly with venous or arterial thrombosis. IgM anti-β 2-GPI was protective against lupus nephritis (OR 0.54, p = 0.049), renal damage (p = 0.019), and hypertension (OR 0.58, p = 0.008). This protective effect remained after adjustment for ethnicity. Conclusion. In SLE, IgM anti-β 2-GPI is not associated with thrombosis but is protective against lupus nephritis and renal damage. "Natural" autoantibodies of the IgM isotype may have a protective effect. The Journal of Rheumatology

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)450-453
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Rheumatology
Volume38
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2011

Keywords

  • Anti-β glycoprotein I
  • Antiphospholipid antibodies
  • Lupus nephritis
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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